- The vast majority of all second hand car faults come to light in the first three months, suggesting many second hand cars sold may not be of satisfactory quality, and are consequently the dealer's responsibility to fix. Despite this, nearly 30 per cent of buyers surveyed who contacted their dealer about a problem said they did not have problems rectified. Consumers who had this problem spend an estimated £425 each, or £85 million per year in total, fixing unresolved faults that are the dealer's obligation to correct.
- Consumers could potentially over-pay to the tune of around £580million a year as a result of illegal clocking, which involves adjusting a vehicle to show false mileage. The OFT's study concludes that legitimate reasons for adjusting a vehicle's mileage are very rare, but despite this has identified 50 businesses openly offering 'mileage correction services'. The report makes a number of recommendations aimed at reducing this problem.
- Some dealers may be in breach of the law by pretending to be private sellers to evade their legal obligations to consumers, often to offload unsafe or clocked cars, which the OFT estimates accounts for more than £40 million of second hand car sales annually.
- One in eleven car dealers rely on illegal disclaimers about the car's history and condition, such as that a car is 'sold as seen' or 'No Refund'.
- Many dealers fail to disclose what mechanical and other pre-sale checks they have carried out. The OFT also found one in four dealers failed to supply sufficient information about the vehicle.
'Buying a second hand car is an expensive purchase for many people. Many dealers provide high standards of service and comply fully with the law but there continues to be high numbers of complaints to Consumer Direct which are often due to dealers' refusing to deal with legitimate complaints or provide appropriate redress. 'We are issuing OFT's guidance to the industry and expect all second hand car dealers to be aware of their legal obligations. Along with our Trading Standards partners, we will take action against those dealers who continue to ignore the law.' The market study was prompted by consistently high numbers of consumer complaints. Last year saw a rise of five per cent in complaints about second hand car sales with nearly 72,000 consumers reporting problems to the OFT-operated advice service Consumer Direct, making it the most complained about sector.